The humanitarian catastrophe in the South-East of Ukraine

“They must draw off the troops of both sides”, - says a woman from a village Zhovanka situated in the zone of the Donbass conflict, - “at least I think so. Because they shoot from both sides. I don't know which side shoot more – I sit on the underground floor. From January till the beginning of September of this year I had not sleep at home. The one thing I can’t understand is WHY?! Why do they kill people, why do they destroy houses? They make people HOMELESS. If your house is bombed out, you are HOMELESS…”
There are hundreds of such villages as Zhovanka in Donbass; there are hundreds of thousands of people who don’t understand what happens and why. Destroyed houses, hospitals, schools, shops, bombed roads and bridges, thousands of killed and wounded are those reality people from the East of Ukraine have to confront. As per information of the UN during two and a half years of the military conflicts about 10 thousands of people were killed, more than 21 thousands of people were wounded. But there is more – about one million of the Ukrainians have to stay their homes and move to neighbouring Russia or other countries, one and a half millions of people run over Ukraine in order to try to rebuild their lives and protect their children. But just some of them have managed to find their level away from their small motherland. People can't find employment, have to get a lot of certificates and documents in order to obtain pitiful payments, they are forced to spend many hours at checkpoints, face discrimination; and these are only a part of problems of migrators' everyday life.
From the beginning of the military conflict just on the territory of the Donetsk region controlled by Ukraine more than 9.2 thousands of residential units and municipal facilities were damaged. It is about 7.5 thousands of residential buildings, 1.4 thousands of power supply units, 69 gas supply units, 29 hospitals, 39 schools, 24 nurseries, 33 facilities of transport infrastructure and many others. The same situation is on the territory controlled by separatists. Darya Morozova, an ombudsmen of the self-proclaimed DPR, reports about the following damages: 5 720 residential houses, 744 power lines and power supply units, 171 heat supply facilities, 46 water supply facilities, 2 669 gas supply facilities, 11 facilities of water disposal and sewer system, 81 hospitals, 447 schools and nurseries, 54 colleges, 54 universities, sport and cultural units, 51 cultural establishments, 219 transport facilities, 56 industrial units, 88 trade units, 224 units of other spheres. We baulk at the idea of how many funds and efforts should be spend in order to reconstruct the infrastructure up to the previous level.
Besides damaged and burnt houses there is a thing that will remind about the disaster happened in the beginning of the new millennium, in the era of the super-high speed Internet, robot machines and gene engineering, in the time when it would seem people to stop to make war. These are landmines spread through whole Donbass: in fields, gardens, towns and villages. They can do a lot of damage and harm after the end of the military conflict.
A big problem of the East of our country is a lack of medical aid both medicines and medical staff.  During escalation of the military conflict it is practically important to call in an ambulance for a person with “usual” disease, because there are a lot of people with emergency cases, who need of doctor, rather than people with acute peritonitis or lung inflammation. But there are places where ambulance can't reach at all. It is so called “grey zone” – a territory of about 100 km in length between the opposing forces. The zone is without electricity, gas and medicine. Political views of people lived in the «grey zone» are different. Some people support separatists, others support Ukraine. But such differences don’t result in conflict or quarrels. Fellow villagers forced to take cover on the underground floors have no time for quarrels because of politics. Disaster unites them, starts up protection mechanism of mutual help without reference to flags and mottos. If today there is bomb in the garden of a neighbour and he needs of help, everybody will help him. Because tomorrow a bomb can be in your garden. Returning back home, I remembered faces of those people. These were simple Ukrainian faces. The same people live in Kyiv, Chernihiv, Khmelnytskyi, in each Ukrainian city. I thought about their mutual help and that such behaviour must be an example for whole Ukraine. I compared the faces of Ukrainian soldiers with faces of the separatists and they were the same. But in contrast to the civilians of the «grey zone», these people are ready to kill each other for interests of strangers, for their business and places in the Parliament and the Government. Probably we have not still reached the line, when political disagreements fall by the wayside and people unite in the name of common future. I’m sure that some day or other it will happen, otherwise the destiny our people may be like a “grey zone” damaged by war and shoot all around.